Emergency first for different types of bleeding

Understanding different types of bleeding: A guide to managing emergencies

Bleeding, or haemorrhage, is a common but potentially life-threatening condition that can occur in various situations—from minor accidents at home to severe injuries in the workplace. Understanding the different types of bleeding and the appropriate responses is crucial for timely and effective treatment, potentially saving lives. In this blog, Rose aims to educate readers on the types of bleeding underpinned by key facts, legislation, and best practices.

Key facts and statistics

Bleeding is a leading cause of preventable death after injury. Approximately 35% of pre-hospital deaths are due to blood loss, and controlling this bleeding early can significantly improve survival rates. In workplaces, mainly where machinery or high-risk activities are involved, the knowledge of managing bleeding is essential.

Key definitions

  • Arterial bleeding - The most severe form of bleeding, characterised by bright red blood spurting out in rhythm with the heartbeat.
  • Venous bleeding - Emanates from a vein, is darker, and flows more steadily than arterial blood.
  • Capillary bleeding - The most common and least severe, usually from small cuts or abrasions.

Relevant legislation and regulations

In the UK, the Health and Safety Executive (HSE) mandates under the Health and Safety (First-Aid) Regulations 1981 that employers provide information and training on first aid, including bleeding control. Organisations must adhere to these guidelines to ensure a safe working environment and are advised to keep their first aid knowledge and practices updated with the latest standards from the Resuscitation Council (UK) and National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE).

Types of bleeding and first aid measures

Arterial bleeding

  • Apply pressure - Use a clean cloth or sterile dressing to press firmly over the wound.
  • Raise the injured limb - Reduces blood flow to the area.
  • Seek medical help - Call emergency services immediately.

Venous bleeding

  • Apply pressure and elevate - Helps slow the flow and encourages clotting.
  • Cover with a bandage - Secure with a bandage to keep pressure on the wound.

Capillary bleeding

  • Clean and dress - Wash with mild soap and water and apply a sterile bandage.

Recognising and reacting to internal bleeding

Symptoms of internal bleeding include dizziness, fainting, and abdominal pain. If suspected:

  • Seek immediate attention - Internal bleeding is a medical emergency requiring professional treatment.


  • Regular first aid training - Ensures that employees can react swiftly and effectively.
  • Accessible first aid kits - Regularly replenished and within easy reach.
  • Emergency action plans - Clearly communicated to all staff.


Understanding and promptly responding to different types of bleeding are vital skills that can make the difference between life and death. Ensuring that employees are trained and prepared is not just a regulatory requirement but a moral imperative. Regular first aid training and refreshed knowledge of the latest guidelines are essential for creating a safe working environment.

Click here to learn more about our first aid training programmes and qualifications. Enrol today to ensure your workplace complies with current legislation and best practices. Equip yourself and your team with the knowledge to handle any emergency confidently.

Disclaimer: This blog is for informational purposes only and should not be considered medical advice. Always seek professional medical assistance in emergency situations.

About the author

Rose Mabiza

Rose has dedicated over 15 years to improving health and social care quality through practice, targeted education and training. Her extensive experience includes working with older adults, individuals with mental health conditions, and people with autism and learning disabilities.

Understanding different types of bleeding: A guide to managing emergencies - ComplyPlus™ - The Mandatory Training Group UK -

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