Importance of hygiene during CPR

Prioritising hygiene in CPR training: A vital component of patient safety

In the world of healthcare and emergency response, the act of performing cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) can be the pivotal factor between life and death. However, the importance of maintaining high hygiene standards during this critical procedure is often overlooked. In this blog, Rose delves into the necessity of incorporating stringent hygiene practices into CPR training, ensuring safety for both the provider and the patient.

The significance of hygiene in CPR

Performing CPR involves direct physical contact and often, the exposure to bodily fluids. Ineffective hygiene measures can increase the risk of cross-contamination and transmission of infections, including viral pathogens such as HBV, HCV, and HIV. Statistics from health authorities highlight the significance of adhering to hygiene protocols, with studies indicating that proper sanitation can reduce the risk of infection transmission by up to 80%.

Understanding key definitions

  • Cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) - A lifesaving technique used in emergencies when someone's heartbeat or breathing has stopped.
  • Hygiene during CPR - Refers to the practices involved in preventing infection during CPR, including the use of barriers like face masks and gloves.

Relevant legislation and regulations

CPR training in the UK is guided by regulations from the Health and Safety Executive (HSE) and recommendations by the Resuscitation Council (UK). These guidelines emphasise the importance of hygiene in CPR to prevent the transmission of infections. Compliance with these regulations is not just best practice—it is a requisite under the Health and Safety at Work etc. Act 1974, which mandates adequate training and measures to ensure the health and safety of both rescuers and victims.

Best practices in hygiene during CPR

  • Use of personal protective equipment (PPE) - Gloves, masks, and protective eyewear should be worn during training and actual resuscitation attempts.
  • Proper disposal of PPE - After performing CPR, all used PPE should be disposed of safely and hygienically to prevent contamination.
  • Regular sanitisation - CPR manikins used in training should be cleaned and disinfected after each use, adhering to manufacturers' guidelines and infection control protocols.

Implementing effective training strategies

  • Incorporate hygiene protocols in CPR training - Educators should integrate hygiene practices into the CPR curriculum, ensuring that trainees understand their importance and demonstrate proficiency.
  • Simulation-based learning - Utilising advanced manikins and simulations to teach correct hygiene techniques can enhance the learning experience and preparedness of healthcare providers.


Organisations involved in providing CPR training must ensure that their courses are comprehensive, up-to-date, and compliant with current legislation. It is recommended that training programmes are regularly reviewed and updated in line with the latest guidelines from the Resuscitation Council (UK) and HSE. All training materials emphasise the importance of hygiene during CPR. Continuous professional development (CPD) opportunities are provided to keep healthcare providers aware of the latest hygiene practices in CPR.


Hygiene during CPR is a critical component of effective patient care and must be prioritised in both training and practice. By adhering to stringent hygiene protocols, healthcare providers can significantly reduce the risk of infection transmission, thereby safeguarding the health of patients and themselves.

At The Mandatory Training Group, we are committed to providing high-quality, compliant training solutions. Click here to explore our range of CPR training courses designed to meet the highest standards of hygiene and patient safety. Equip yourself and your team with the knowledge and skills to perform CPR safely and effectively.

About the author

Rose Mabiza

Rose has dedicated over 15 years to improving health and social care quality through practice, targeted education and training. Her extensive experience includes working with older adults, individuals with mental health conditions, and people with autism and learning disabilities.

Prioritising hygiene in CPR training: A vital component of patient safety - ComplyPlus LMS™ - The Mandatory Training Group UK -

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