First aid treatment for concussion

Understanding concussion first aid: A vital skill for every workplace

Concussions are more than just a bump on the head; they are serious injuries that require prompt and appropriate first aid. Whether it's a sports injury, a fall, or a workplace accident, knowing how to provide immediate care for a concussion can make a significant difference in the outcome. In this blog, Dr Richard Dune delves into the essentials of concussion first aid, exploring key facts, legal considerations, and best practices to ensure everyone is equipped to respond effectively.

Key facts and statistics

  • Concussions are a common form of traumatic brain injury (TBI), often resulting from blows to the head or sudden jolts to the body.
  • According to the World Health Organisation (WHO), worldwide, around 60 million people experience concussions each year.
  • In the UK alone, there are approximately 1.4 million cases of TBI annually, with concussions representing a significant portion of these injuries.

Key definitions

  • Concussion - A type of mild traumatic brain injury caused by a bump, blow, or jolt to the head or body, resulting in temporary impairment of brain function.
  • Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI) - Any injury to the brain caused by an external force, such as a bump, blow, or penetrating object.

Relevant legislation, regulations, and best practice

  • Health and Safety at Work Act 1974 - Employers have a legal duty to ensure the health, safety, and welfare of their employees, which includes providing adequate first aid training and resources.
  • Management of Health and Safety at Work Regulations 1999 - Employers must conduct risk assessments to identify hazards, including those related to head injuries, and implement appropriate control measures.
  • First Aid Regulations 1981 - Employers are required to provide first aid equipment, facilities, and trained personnel to ensure prompt and effective response to injuries, including concussions.
  • Resuscitation Council UK Guidelines - These guidelines outline best practices for managing head injuries and concussions, including assessment, monitoring, and transportation protocols.

Recognising the signs of concussion

Here are the following signs of concussion:

  • Headache
  • Dizziness or vertigo
  • Nausea or vomiting
  • Confusion or disorientation
  • Sensitivity to light or noise
  • Difficulty concentrating or remembering

Immediate response

Here are the immediate responses to concussion:

  • Assess the situation - Ensure the safety of the individual and remove them from further harm.
  • Check for responsiveness - Determine if the person is conscious and responsive.
  • Stabilise the head and neck - Minimise movement to prevent exacerbating the injury.
  • Monitor vital signs - Check for signs of breathing difficulties, circulation problems, or changes in consciousness.
  • Seek medical assistance - If there is any suspicion of a concussion, seek medical attention immediately.


  • Training and education - Provide comprehensive first aid training, including specific modules on concussion recognition and management.
  • Risk assessment - Conduct regular risk assessments to identify potential hazards and implement appropriate preventive measures.
  • Awareness campaigns - Raise awareness among employees about the signs and symptoms of concussions and the importance of seeking timely medical attention.
  • Documentation and reporting - Maintain accurate records of incidents, injuries, and first aid interventions for compliance and quality assurance purposes.


Concussion first aid is not just a skill; it's a responsibility that can save lives and prevent long-term complications. By understanding the signs, knowing how to respond effectively, and following best practices, we can create safer environments for everyone. Let's prioritise concussion awareness and training to ensure the well-being of our colleagues, friends, and loved ones.

Empower your workforce with the knowledge and skills to respond effectively to concussions. Click here to enrol in our comprehensive first aid training courses and qualifications today and improve workplace safety.

Disclaimer: This blog is for informational purposes only and should not be considered medical advice. Always seek professional medical assistance in emergency situations.

About the author

Dr Richard Dune

With over 20 years of experience, Richard blends a rich background in NHS, the private sector, academia, and research settings. His forte lies in clinical R&D, advancing healthcare tech, workforce development and governance. His leadership ensures regulatory compliance and innovation align seamlessly.

Understanding concussion first aid - ComplyPlus™ - The Mandatory Training Group UK -

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