First aid treatment for a nosebleed

Mastering first aid for nosebleeds: Essential techniques and best practices

Nosebleeds can be unsettling, but you can handle them confidently with the right knowledge and preparedness. In this blog, Rose explores a comprehensive guide on the ins and outs of nosebleed management, equipping you with essential first aid skills to respond effectively in emergencies.

Key facts and statistics

  • Nosebleeds are a common occurrence, affecting individuals across all age groups.
  • Approximately 10% of emergency department visits in the UK are attributed to nosebleeds.
  • Understanding proper first aid techniques can significantly reduce the severity and duration of nosebleeds.

Understanding nosebleeds

Before delving into first aid techniques, it's crucial to grasp the basics. Nosebleeds, medically known as epistaxis, occur when blood vessels in the nose rupture, leading to bleeding. Common causes include trauma, dry air, and underlying medical conditions such as hypertension.

Legislation, regulations, and best practices

In accordance with the Health and Safety (First Aid) Regulations 1981, employers have a legal obligation to provide adequate first aid training and resources in the workplace. Guidelines from organisations like the Resuscitation Council UK and the Health and Safety Executive offer valuable insights into best practices for managing nosebleeds effectively.

First aid techniques

  • Assess the situation - Maintain composure and evaluate the severity of the nosebleed. Seat the affected individual in an upright position and reassure them.
  • Positioning - Instruct the person to lean forward slightly to prevent blood from flowing down the throat, reducing the risk of aspiration.
  • Apply pressure - Pinch the soft part of the nose (just below the bridge) with your thumb and index finger, applying firm pressure for 10-15 minutes.
  • Cold compress - Placing a cold compress or ice pack on the bridge of the nose can help constrict blood vessels and minimise bleeding.
  • Seek medical assistance - If bleeding persists after 15 minutes of continuous pressure or if the nosebleed is severe, seek medical attention promptly.


  • Advise individuals to refrain from picking or blowing their nose forcefully, as this may aggravate bleeding.
  • Ensure that workplaces and public spaces have first aid kits containing supplies for managing nosebleeds.
  • Consider enrolling in a certified first aid training course to learn to respond to various medical emergencies, including nosebleeds.


Though common, nosebleeds can be effectively managed with prompt and appropriate first aid intervention. By familiarising yourself with the techniques outlined in this guide and staying informed about best practices, you can make a significant difference in emergency situations.

Learn first aid - Save a life

Empower yourself with the skills to handle medical emergencies confidently. Click here to explore our range of first aid training courses and qualifications today and become a certified first aider equipped to assist when needed. Remember, in times of crisis, your knowledge and preparedness can make all the difference. Let's work together to promote safety and well-being in our communities.

Disclaimer: This blog is for informational purposes only and should not be considered medical advice. Always seek professional medical assistance in emergency situations.

About the author

Rose Mabiza

Rose has dedicated over 15 years to improving health and social care quality through practice, targeted education and training. Her extensive experience includes working with older adults, individuals with mental health conditions, and people with autism and learning disabilities.

Essential techniques and best practices - ComplyPlus™ - The Mandatory Training Group UK -

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