First aid for nosebleeds in children & babies

Ensuring child safety: Best practices for treating nosebleeds

Though often not severe, nosebleeds can be alarming in children and babies. Effective first aid can manage these incidents calmly and safely. In this blog, Rose will explore the essential first-aid tips for treating nosebleeds in young ones alongside relevant legislation and best practice guidelines. This knowledge is crucial for caregivers and aligns with compliance standards set by health and safety regulators.

Importance of understanding nosebleeds in children and babies

Nosebleeds (epistaxis) are common in children due to the high number of blood vessels in the front of their noses that are close to the surface and easily damaged. According to NHS data, most nosebleeds are minor and can be treated with simple first aid measures. However, understanding the correct procedure is crucial to prevent the situation from worsening, underscoring the importance of structured training and knowledge.

Key definitions

  • Epistaxis - Medical term for nosebleeds.
  • Anterior nosebleed - This occurs at the front of the nose and constitutes 90% of cases. It is usually less severe.
  • Posterior nosebleed - Less common, occurring deep within the nose and often requiring medical attention.

Relevant legislation and regulations

In the UK, first aid for children in educational and care settings is governed by several pieces of legislation and guidelines:

  • Health and Safety (First-Aid) Regulations 1981 - Requires employers to provide adequate and appropriate equipment, facilities, and personnel to ensure employees receive immediate attention if they are injured or taken ill at work.
  • Early Years Foundation Stage (EYFS) - Stipulates that all early years providers must have a paediatric first-aider available on the premises at all times children are present.

Training providers, like The Mandatory Training Group, offer courses that ensure compliance with these regulations, enhancing safety and preparedness in child-centred environments.

Best practices for treating nosebleeds in children and babies

Step-by-step first aid treatment

  • Keep calm - Comfort the child or baby, as crying can increase blood pressure, exacerbating the bleed.
  • Positioning - Have the child sit up straight, and tilt their head slightly forward. Lying down or tilting the head back can cause blood to run down the throat.
  • Pinching the nose - Gently pinch the soft part of the nose (not the bone) between your thumb and finger. Hold it for ten minutes, and check if the bleeding has stopped.
  • Applying ice - Place a cold pack or wrapped ice on the bridge of the nose to help constrict the tiny blood vessels.

What to avoid

  • Do not stuff tissues, cotton, or any material inside the nostrils.
  • Avoid checking frequently if the bleed has stopped, as this may disturb the clotting process.

Recommendations for parents and caregivers

  • Educate yourself and others - Knowledge of first aid procedures can significantly impact outcomes. Consider enrolling in certified first aid courses that include paediatric modules.
  • Prepare first aid kits - Ensure that homes, cars, and child care settings are equipped with first aid kits that include supplies necessary for treating nosebleeds.


Understanding how to respond to nosebleeds in children and babies effectively is essential for parents, caregivers, and educators. By following the recommended steps and ensuring adherence to regulatory standards, we can ensure not only the safety but also the well-being of our youngest. At The Mandatory Training Group, we are committed to providing access to high-quality training that meets statutory and regulatory compliance, preparing you to handle such common emergencies confidently.

Ready to take the next step in ensuring the safety of children in your care? Click here to explore our accredited courses in paediatric first aid and other crucial training programmes designed to enhance your skills and compliance. Your commitment to safety can make a profound difference.

Disclaimer: This blog is for informational purposes only and should not be considered medical advice. Always seek professional medical assistance in emergency situations.

About the author

Rose Mabiza

Rose has dedicated over 15 years to improving health and social care quality through practice, targeted education and training. Her extensive experience includes working with older adults, individuals with mental health conditions, and people with autism and learning disabilities.

Best Practices for Treating Nosebleeds - ComplyPlus™ - The Mandatory Training Group UK -

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