First aid for human bites in children & babies

Understanding first aid for human bites in children and babies: Essential guidance and training

Though less discussed, human bites in children and babies are a significant health concern that requires immediate and effective first aid response. Recognising the potential for severe infections and complications. In this blog, Rose explores crucial first aid measures backed by the latest statistics, legislation, and best practices. She aims to empower parents, caregivers, and health professionals with the knowledge and skills necessary to address these incidents safely and effectively.

Key facts and statistics

Human bites can be more dangerous than most animal bites due to the high levels of bacteria and viruses in the human mouth. According to health studies, human bites are among the top ten reasons children visit emergency departments. Infections occur in 10-15% of these cases, highlighting the urgent need for proper first aid and medical evaluation.

Key definitions

  • Human bites are any wound received from another person's teeth, typically leading to skin breach and potential transmission of saliva-borne pathogens.
  • First aid - Immediate care given to a victim of injury or illness to minimise the risk of further harm before professional medical treatment is available.

Relevant legislation and regulations

In the UK, managing injuries such as bites in children must adhere to the standards set by the Health and Safety Executive (HSE) and the Care Quality Commission (CQC). These regulations ensure that childcare providers are equipped with the necessary first aid training and infection control measures to manage and report such incidents effectively.

Best practices

The National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE) recommends that all bite wounds, especially in children, be cleaned immediately and assessed by a healthcare professional.

Immediate response to bites

Safety and assessment

  • Ensure the safety of both the victim and the caregiver.
  • Calm the child and assess the severity of the bite.

Cleaning the wound

  • Rinse the wound under running water.
  • Use soap to cleanse the area gently to reduce the risk of infection.

Disinfection and protection

  • Apply a mild antiseptic solution.
  • Cover with a sterile bandage.

Seek medical advice

  • Consult a healthcare professional for further assessment.
  • Follow professional advice regarding tetanus immunisation or antibiotics.

Monitoring and follow-up

  • Regularly check the wound for signs of infection, such as increased redness, swelling, or pus.
  • Ensure the child receives appropriate follow-up care as advised by healthcare professionals.

Preventative measures

  • Educate children about the dangers of biting and being bitten.
  • Foster environments that discourage aggressive behaviour among children.


  • All childcare facilities should have staff trained in paediatric first aid.
  • Parents and caregivers should consider first aid training to manage such incidents confidently.


First aid for human bites in children and babies is a critical skill beyond immediate care, encompassing the understanding of legal and health safety standards. By staying informed and prepared, parents and caregivers can ensure the health and well-being of children in their care. We at The Mandatory Training Group offer comprehensive courses designed to equip individuals with the necessary skills to handle these and other urgent health matters proficiently.

Do not wait for an emergency to happen. Click here to ensure you are prepared to act confidently and effectively. Equip yourself with the knowledge to protect our youngest and most vulnerable.

Disclaimer: This blog is for informational purposes only and should not be considered medical advice. Always seek professional medical assistance in emergency situations.

About the author

Rose Mabiza

Rose has dedicated over 15 years to improving health and social care quality through practice, targeted education and training. Her extensive experience includes working with older adults, individuals with mental health conditions, and people with autism and learning disabilities.

Understanding first aid for human bites in children and babies - ComplyPlus™ - The Mandatory Training Group UK -

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