First aid for diabetic emergencies in children and babies

Essential first aid for diabetic emergencies in children and babies

In moments of crisis, every second counts, especially when it comes to managing diabetic emergencies in children and babies. As caregivers and educators, we must equip ourselves with the knowledge and skills needed to provide effective first aid in such situations. In this blog, Rose delves into the outlining crucial steps, legislative considerations, and best practices to ensure swift and informed action when faced with diabetic emergencies in our little ones.

Key facts and importance

  • According to the International Diabetes Federation, approximately 1.1 million children and adolescents under 20 years old live with type 1 diabetes globally.
  • Diabetic emergencies, such as hypoglycemia and hyperglycemia, can occur suddenly and escalate rapidly, posing significant risks to a child's health and well-being.
  • Prompt and appropriate first aid can prevent complications, reduce the severity of symptoms, and even save lives.

Key definitions

  • Hypoglycemia - Low blood sugar levels, often characterised by symptoms such as confusion, sweating, and trembling.
  • Hyperglycemia - High blood sugar levels, leading to symptoms like excessive thirst, frequent urination, and fatigue.

Legislation, regulations, and best practice

  • The Health and Safety (First-Aid) Regulations 1981 in the UK outline the legal obligations for employers to provide adequate first aid provisions in the workplace, including training employees to handle emergencies effectively.
  • Best practices recommend maintaining an up-to-date first aid kit, ensuring accessibility and familiarity with its contents, and undergoing regular training to stay proficient in first aid techniques.

Recognising diabetic emergencies

  • Symptoms of hypoglycemia - Rapid heartbeat, pallor, irritability, and confusion.
  • Symptoms of hyperglycemia - Excessive thirst, fruity breath odor, and unexplained weight loss.

First aid response

Hypoglycemia management:

  • Administer fast-acting carbohydrates, such as glucose gel or juice, to raise blood sugar levels.
  • Monitor the child's condition closely and seek medical assistance if symptoms persist or worsen.

Hyperglycemia management:

  • Encourage fluid intake to prevent dehydration.
  • Monitor blood sugar levels if possible and seek medical advice promptly.


  • Stay informed - Regularly review and update your knowledge of first aid procedures for diabetic emergencies.
  • Practice scenarios - Conduct drills to simulate real-life situations and enhance preparedness.
  • Spread awareness - Educate colleagues, family members, and caregivers about the signs and appropriate responses to diabetic emergencies in children and babies.


As caregivers and educators, our ability to respond effectively to diabetic emergencies in children and babies can significantly affect their outcomes. By understanding the signs, knowing the appropriate first aid measures, and staying informed about legislative requirements and best practices, we can ensure the safety and well-being of the young ones entrusted to our care.

Take the first step towards preparedness today. Click here to discover our certified pediatric first aid course to acquire the skills and confidence needed to handle diabetic emergencies in children and babies effectively.

Disclaimer: This blog is for informational purposes only and should not be considered medical advice. Always seek professional medical assistance in emergency situations.

About the author

Rose Mabiza

Rose has dedicated over 15 years to improving health and social care quality through practice, targeted education and training. Her extensive experience includes working with older adults, individuals with mental health conditions, and people with autism and learning disabilities.

Essential first aid for diabetic emergencies in children and babies - ComplyPlus™ - The Mandatory Training Group UK -

Contact us

Just added to your wishlist:
My Wishlist
You've just added this product to the cart:
Go to Basket




Sold Out