First aid for cuts and grazes in children & babies

First aid treatment for cuts and grazes in children and babies

Every parent or caregiver dreads the sound of crying that follows a fall or accident, mainly when it results in a cut or graze. These minor injuries are common among children and babies due to their active nature and curiosity. Proper first aid can prevent complications and promote healing. In this blog, Rose delves into crucial information on handling cuts and grazes, backed by the latest regulations and best practices.

The importance of first aid for minor injuries

Cuts and grazes may seem minor, but they require prompt and effective first aid to prevent infection and ensure swift healing. According to the NHS, most cuts and grazes are minor and can be easily treated at home. Statistics from the Health and Safety Executive highlight that in 2019, there were approximately 622,000 non-fatal injuries to children in the UK, many of which included cuts and grazes. Educating caregivers on proper first aid not only minimises the risk of infection but also equips them to handle injuries confidently, reducing the likelihood of panic and distress in both the child and the caregiver.

Key definitions

  • Cut - A break in the skin caused by a sharp object, resulting in bleeding.
  • Graze - Surface damage to the skin, typically caused by a scrape against a rough surface, often with little to no bleeding.

Legislation and regulations

In the UK, the Health and Safety (First-Aid) Regulations 1981 mandate that employers, including schools and nurseries, must provide adequate and appropriate equipment, facilities, and personnel to ensure immediate and effective first aid can be given in an emergency. These regulations extend to training staff to handle common injuries in children, such as cuts and grazes.

Best practice for treating cuts and grazes

Cleaning and protecting the wound

  • Immediate care - Rinse the wound under running water to remove any dirt or particles. Use a mild soap around the area, not directly on the wound.
  • Disinfection - Apply an antiseptic to a clean wound to minimise tse risk of infection.
  • Protection - Cover the wound with a sterile adhesive bandage or dressing suitable for sensitive skin.

Monitoring and aftercare

  • Watch for signs of infection - Such as increased redness, swelling, or pus.
  • Change dressings regularly - To keep the wound clean and dry.

Pain management

  • To manage discomfort, use children’s pain relief medication like paracetamol, following the dosage guidelines for age and weight.


  • First aid training - Consider taking a paediatric first aid course to be prepared for common injuries and emergencies.
  • First aid kit - Maintain a well-stocked first aid kit at home and in the car, including clean bandages, antiseptics, and gloves.
  • Emergency plan - Have a clear plan for more severe injuries, including knowledge of the nearest accident and emergency facility.


Understanding and applying correct first aid for cuts and grazes in children and babies not only aids in quick recovery but also instils a sense of safety and security in young ones. By adhering to the recommended practices and regulations, parents and caregivers can ensure that minor injuries are managed effectively at home, reducing the need for professional medical intervention.

Staying informed and prepared can ensure the safety of your children and give you peace of mind. Click here to explore our range of paediatric first aid courses and equip yourself with the knowledge and skills to handle minor injuries confidently.

Disclaimer: This blog is for informational purposes only and should not be considered medical advice. Always seek professional medical assistance in emergency situations.

About the author

Rose Mabiza

Rose has dedicated over 15 years to improving health and social care quality through practice, targeted education and training. Her extensive experience includes working with older adults, individuals with mental health conditions, and people with autism and learning disabilities.

First aid treatment for cuts and grazes in children and babies - ComplyPlus™ - The Mandatory Training Group UK -

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