Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation (CPR) for children

The crucial importance of Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation (CPR) for children: A comprehensive guide

Every year, numerous children face medical emergencies that require immediate and effective intervention. Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation (CPR) for children is a critical skill that can save lives and a mandate for healthcare providers, educators, and the general public to understand and execute properly. In this blog, Rose will explore the essential aspects of CPR for children, including key statistics, legislative frameworks, and best practices to ensure you are well-equipped to respond in these critical moments.

The urgency of CPR knowledge

Statistics highlight the pressing need for comprehensive CPR training. According to the Resuscitation Council (UK), choking and drowning are leading causes of death in children under five, often requiring CPR as a life-saving intervention. Furthermore, the survival rate in out-of-hospital cardiac arrests in children is significantly lower compared to adults, making early CPR crucial.

Understanding CPR for children

CPR for children involves distinct techniques compared to adults, primarily due to physiological differences. The approach to CPR for infants (under one year) and children (from one year up to puberty) must be tailored to their specific needs.

Legislation and regulations

In the UK, various legislations and guidelines underscore the importance of CPR training. The Health and Safety (First-Aid) Regulations 1981 mandate that employers, including those in settings such as schools and sports facilities, ensure access to adequate first aid training, which includes CPR. The Early Years Foundation Stage (EYFS) framework also requires paediatric first aid training for certain staff in early years settings.

Best practices in CPR training

Best practices for CPR training are continually updated by bodies such as the Resuscitation Council (UK) and the British Heart Foundation. These include:

  • Ensuring that CPR training for children is included in first aid courses.
  • Regular refresher courses to maintain competence.
  • Practical hands-on training to build confidence and proficiency in performing CPR.

Recommendations for effective training

To ensure effectiveness in administering CPR to children, consider the following:

  • Regular training - Participate in CPR certification and recertification programmes that comply with the latest UK and European guidelines.
  • Hands-on practice - Utilise courses that offer practical experience with manikins to simulate real-life scenarios.
  • Awareness and education - Increase public awareness about the importance of child CPR through workshops and informational campaigns.


Understanding and performing CPR on children is a vital skill that can make the difference between life and death. It is essential for healthcare professionals, teachers, parents, and guardians. By staying informed of the latest practices and maintaining your skills through regular training, you can prepare to act confidently and effectively in an emergency.

Save a life - Learn CPR

Are you ready to learn or refresh your skills in paediatric CPR? Explore our accredited CPR and first aid training courses and qualifications designed specifically for children. Equip yourself today to make a life-saving difference tomorrow.

Disclaimer: This blog is for informational purposes only and should not be considered medical advice. Always seek professional medical assistance in emergency situations.

About the author

Rose Mabiza

Rose has dedicated over 15 years to improving health and social care quality through practice, targeted education and training. Her extensive experience includes working with older adults, individuals with mental health conditions, and people with autism and learning disabilities.

 The Crucial Importance of Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation (CPR) for Children - ComplyPlus™ - The Mandatory Training Group UK -

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