Role of the Prudential Regulation Authority

The role of the Prudential Regulation Authority (PRA)

The Prudential Regulation Authority (PRA) is a crucial pillar in the UK's financial regulatory framework. As part of the Bank of England, the PRA ensures the stability and safety of the financial system by supervising banks, building societies, credit unions, insurers, and major investment firms. Understanding the role of the PRA is essential for organisations in the financial sector to ensure compliance and maintain operational integrity. In this blog, Dr Richard Dune explores the PRA's role, key facts, and best practices for implementing relevant legislation and regulations.

Key facts and statistics

  • Establishment and scope - The PRA was established in 2013 as part of the Financial Services Act 2012. It supervises around 1,500 financial institutions in the UK.
  • Mandate - The PRA's primary objectives are to promote the safety and soundness of regulated firms and, specifically for insurers, to protect policyholders.
  • Impact - The PRA's regulatory framework helps maintain confidence in the financial system, reducing the likelihood of economic crises.

Key definitions

  • Prudential regulation - This refers to regulations aimed at ensuring financial institutions operate safely and soundly, with sufficient capital and risk management practices to withstand economic shocks.
  • Capital requirements - The minimum amount of capital a financial institution must hold as financial regulators require.
  • Stress testing - A simulation technique used to determine how financial institutions can handle extreme economic scenarios.

The role of the PRA

Supervisory approach

The PRA adopts a forward-looking, judgement-based approach to supervision. This involves:

  • Proactive risk management - Identify potential risks early and implement preventive measures.
  • Continuous assessment - Review firms’ financial health, governance, and risk management frameworks regularly.
  • Enforcement - Taking necessary actions against firms that fail to meet regulatory standards.

Key responsibilities

  • Regulation and supervision - The PRA sets regulatory standards and supervises firms to ensure they meet them. This includes overseeing capital adequacy, liquidity, and risk management.
  • Policy development - The PRA develops policies that guide financial institutions in maintaining stability and protecting consumers.
  • Crisis management - In financial stress, the PRA plays a vital role in crisis management and recovery planning.

Recommended best practices for compliance

Understanding regulatory requirements

Organisations must stay informed about the PRA's regulatory standards and updates. This includes familiarising themselves with the PRA Rulebook, which outlines specific requirements for different financial institutions.

Effective risk management

Implementing robust risk management frameworks is crucial. This involves:

  • Risk identification and assessment - Regularly identify and assess the organisation’s financial health risks.
  • Stress testing - Conducting stress tests to evaluate the impact of severe economic conditions on the organisation.

Capital adequacy and liquidity management

Maintaining adequate capital and liquidity buffers is essential to absorb potential losses and ensure the institution's continued operation. This includes:

  • Capital planning - Developing comprehensive plans that account for potential risks and regulatory requirements.
  • Liquidity management - Ensuring sufficient liquidity to meet short-term obligations during financial stress.

Governance and accountability

Robust governance frameworks are fundamental to maintaining compliance with PRA regulations. This involves:

  • Board oversight - Ensuring the board of directors actively oversees the institution’s risk management practices.
  • Accountability - Clearly defining roles and responsibilities to ensure accountability at all levels of the organisation.


  • Regular training and education - Organisations should invest in continuous training for their staff to keep them updated on PRA regulations and best practices. This includes leveraging training programmes like those offered by The Mandatory Training Group.
  • Utilising compliance software - Implementing compliance management software, such as ComplyPlus™, can streamline the process of staying compliant with PRA regulations. This software helps organisations monitor, manage, and report on compliance activities effectively.
  • Engaging with PRA communications - Regularly reviewing PRA publications, consultation papers, and supervisory statements can help organisations stay ahead of regulatory changes.


The Prudential Regulation Authority plays a pivotal role in maintaining the stability and integrity of the UK’s financial system. Financial institutions can ensure they remain compliant and resilient in the face of economic challenges by understanding their functions and adhering to best practices. For organisations looking to enhance their compliance efforts, The Mandatory Training Group offers comprehensive training and the innovative ComplyPlus™ software to support ongoing regulatory adherence.

Click here to learn more and ensure your organisation complies with PRA regulations. Explore our comprehensive training programmes and how ComplyPlus™ can simplify compliance management.

About the author

Dr Richard Dune

With over 20 years of experience, Richard blends a rich background in NHS, the private sector, academia, and research settings. His forte lies in clinical R&D, advancing healthcare tech, workforce development and governance. His leadership ensures regulatory compliance and innovation align seamlessly.

The role of the Prudential Regulation Authority (PRA) - ComplyPlus™ - The Mandatory Training Group UK -

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