Cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) for babies

The critical importance of cardiopulmonary resuscitation training for babies and infants

When it comes to emergency response, knowing how to perform cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) on babies and infants can be life-saving. In this blog, Rose provides an in-depth look at the significance of acquiring CPR skills specifically tailored for our youngest and most vulnerable, detailing key facts, relevant legislation, and best practices.

Key facts and statistics

Every year in the UK, thousands of children experience medical emergencies that require immediate attention. The Resuscitation Council (UK) reports that timely and effective CPR can dramatically improve survival rates in cases of cardiac arrest. However, the techniques for babies and infants differ significantly from those used on adults, making specialised training essential.

Key Definitions

  • Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation (CPR) - A life-saving technique used in emergencies where an infant's breathing or heartbeat has stopped.
  • Infant - A child under one year of age.
  • Baby - Often used interchangeably with an infant but can sometimes refer to children slightly older, up to 24 months.

Relevant legislation and regulations

In the UK, childcare providers are governed by strict regulations to ensure the safety and well-being of children. The Early Years Foundation Stage (EYFS) framework requires that all professionals working with children are trained in paediatric first aid, which includes infant CPR. This regulation is enforced by Ofsted and supported by guidelines from the Health and Safety Executive (HSE).

Why infant CPR training is essential

Unlike adults, infants require a softer approach to resuscitation. Their bones are more fragile, and their airways are narrower. Understanding the anatomical and physiological differences is crucial for administering effective CPR without causing harm.

How to perform CPR on an infant

  • Check for responsiveness - Gently tap or shake the infant's foot while calling their name.
  • Call for help - If there’s no response, shout for help or send someone to call emergency services.
  • Call for help - Immediately dial 999 to alert emergency services.
  • Open the airway - Place one hand on the infant's forehead and gently tilt the head back.
  • Check for breathing - Look, listen, and feel for no more than 10 seconds.
  • Deliver 5 initial rescue breaths - Cover the infant's mouth and nose with your mouth and blow steadily.
  • Start chest compressions - Use two fingers to press down on the centre of the chest.
  • Continue CPR - Follow the ratio of 30 compressions to 2 breaths.

Always ensure the environment is safe before CPR, and use disposable gloves if available.


  • For healthcare providers - Regularly update CPR certification, focusing on infant-specific procedures.
  • For parents and caregivers - Enrol in paediatric first aid courses that include infant CPR.
  • For educational institutions - Organise and provide access to accredited first aid training for staff and interested parents.


Understanding and performing CPR on infants is not merely a skill but a societal responsibility. The Mandatory Training Group offers comprehensive courses designed to equip you with the knowledge and confidence to perform infant CPR effectively. By being prepared, you can make a profound difference in moments of crisis.

Don’t wait for an emergency to happen. Enrol in our CPR for babies and infants course today and make a difference in a child’s life.

Disclaimer: This blog is for informational purposes only and should not be considered medical advice. Always seek professional medical assistance in emergency situations.

About the author

Rose Mabiza

Rose has dedicated over 15 years to improving health and social care quality through practice, targeted education and training. Her extensive experience includes working with older adults, individuals with mental health conditions, and people with autism and learning disabilities.

The critical importance of cardiopulmonary resuscitation training for babies and infants - ComplyPlus™ - The Mandatory Training Group UK -

Contact us

Just added to your wishlist:
My Wishlist
You've just added this product to the cart:
Go to Basket




Sold Out