Train the trainer advantages and disadvantages

Unveiling the train-the-trainer model: A comprehensive analysis

Training is the cornerstone of organisational success, empowering employees with the knowledge and skills needed to excel in their roles. Among the myriad training methodologies, the "train-the-trainer" model is a potent strategy. In this blog, Anna delves deeper into the pros and cons of this model, shedding light on its efficacy, challenges, and implications for organisational development.

Key facts and statistics

  • According to a study by the Association for Talent Development, organisations that offer comprehensive training programmes have 218% higher income per employee than those with less comprehensive training.
  • The train-the-trainer model has gained prominence, with 74% of organisations utilising this approach to enhance workforce capabilities (Training Industry).

Key definitions

  • The train-the-trainer model involves training selected individuals within an organisation to become proficient trainers who, in turn, train other employees.
  • Trainers undergo intensive instruction on course content, delivery techniques, and facilitation skills, equipping them to effectively disseminate knowledge to colleagues.

Relevant legislation, regulations, and best practice

  • The Health and Safety at Work Act 1974 (UK) mandates that employers provide adequate employee training to ensure employees' health and safety at work.
  • The Management of Health and Safety at Work Regulations 1999 stipulate the need for competent persons to deliver training, aligning with the train-the-trainer model's emphasis on expertise.

Pros of the train-the-trainer model

  • Cost-effectiveness - By training internal staff to deliver training, organisations can reduce outsourcing costs associated with hiring external trainers.
  • Customisation - Internal trainers possess intimate knowledge of organisational culture, processes, and challenges, enabling them to tailor training content to suit specific needs.
  • Sustainability - Establishing a cadre of internal trainers ensures a sustainable training infrastructure, reducing dependence on external resources.
  • Knowledge transfer - The train-the-trainer model facilitates knowledge dissemination within the organisation, fostering a culture of continuous learning and development.

Cons of the train-the-trainer model

  • Quality variability - The effectiveness of training delivery may vary among internal trainers, leading to inconsistencies in learning outcomes.
  • Time intensive - Training internal staff as trainers requires significant time and resources, potentially disrupting daily operations.
  • Expertise gap - Inadequate selection or training of internal trainers may result in a lack of subject matter expertise, undermining training quality.
  • Resistance to change - Employees accustomed to external trainers may resist the transition to internal facilitators, which can impact engagement and receptivity.


  • Invest in trainer training - Provide comprehensive training programmes for internal trainers, focusing on instructional design, facilitation techniques, and continuous improvement.
  • Continuous evaluation - Regularly assess internal trainers' performance and gather feedback from trainees to identify areas for improvement and ensure quality standards are met.
  • Blend approaches - Combine internal and external training resources to leverage the strengths of both models, enhancing flexibility and adaptability.
  • Promote leadership support - Secure leadership buy-in and support for the train-the-trainer initiative, emphasising its strategic importance in driving organisational growth and development.


In conclusion, the train-the-trainer model presents a compelling approach to enhancing organisational learning and development. While it offers significant advantages such as cost-effectiveness and customisation, it also poses challenges to quality control and expertise. By adopting best practices and recommendations, organisations can maximise the benefits of this model while mitigating potential drawbacks, ultimately fostering a culture of continuous improvement and innovation.

Ready to revolutionise your training approach? Click here to explore our training courses and how the train-the-trainer model can propel your organisation to success.

About the author

Anna Nova Galeon

Anna, our wordsmith extraordinaire, plays a pivotal role in quality assurance. She collaborates seamlessly with subject matter experts and marketers to meet stringent quality standards. Her linguistic precision and meticulous attention to detail elevate our content, ensuring prominence, clarity, and alignment with global quality benchmarks.

Unveiling the train-the-trainer model: A comprehensive analysis - ComplyPlus™ - The Mandatory Training Group UK -

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