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The Mandatory Training Group is the leading UK provider of accredited online training courses, programmes and regulated qualifications across the UK, Europe, US, Middle East, and Africa.
Despite medical advancements and improved medical practices, everyone is still susceptible to contracting infectious disease outbreaks. Covid-19 is a severe threat to public health and safety, since it is highly contagious and can be fatal. We want to raise awareness about the exact cause and effect, signs and symptoms, and preventive measures for health professionals, the wider community as well as the government's preparedness and response to this global crisis.
Register by filling the form below for a Free Coronavirus Awareness Training course. Once you successfully complete your online assessments, please follow the instructions to download your certificate.
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Here at The Mandatory Training Group, we receive many enquiries from all sectors relating to coronavirus awareness. We have listed below some of these frequently asked questions.
A novel coronavirus is a new strain of virus that has not been previously identified in humans. The virus that causes COVID-19 is different from the coronaviruses that commonly circulate, causing mild illness, like the common cold.
In COVID-19, 'CO' stands for 'corona,' 'VI' for 'virus,' and 'D' for the disease. It means coronavirus disease 2019. Formerly, the disease was referred to as "2019 novel coronavirus" or "2019-nCoV".
As of March 2020, the risk to the UK has been raised to high. Health professionals are exhibiting continued efforts to contact anyone who has been in close contact with people who have coronavirus.
Testing now mostly takes place in hospitals. People with respiratory illness or those in intensive care units will be tested for Covid-19. When there is a cluster of infections in a care home, those people will be tested as well.
An antibody test studies a patient's sample by testing the blood for coronavirus antibodies to see if they have already beaten the virus and gained some immunity to it. Also, it will determine if the patient has had the coronavirus before and has since recovered.
An antigen test determines the presence or absence of an antigen. An antigen is a structure within a virus that triggers the immune system's response to fight off the infection. The antigen tests spot viral proteins in the blood and give quicker results to help identify whether someone has an infection.
There is no official information from the government about the cost of a test. However, please note that finger-prick tests by SureScreen, a British company will cost £6.
Covid-19 is a respiratory virus which is thought to spread mainly from person-to-person. This means droplets from an infected person who coughs or sneezes or droplets of saliva or discharge from the nose.
It is also believed that people can become infected by touching an object that has the virus on it and then touching the mouth, nose, or eyes.
Current evidence suggests that while coronaviruses appear to be stable at low and freezing temperatures for a certain period, food hygiene and good food safety practices can prevent their transmission through food.
In the UK, the medical advice is that if you have recently travelled from areas affected by a coronavirus, you should:
Yes. Research and reports confirm human-to-human transmission, and there have been such transmissions elsewhere.
No. The virus that causes COVID-19 and the one that caused SARS outbreak in 2003 are related genetically. However, the diseases they cause are different.
There is no evidence to confirm that Covid-19 is an airborne disease. Airborne spread has not been reported for COVID-19 and it is not believed to be a major driver of transmission based on available data.
Yes, it is safe. People receiving packages from China are not at risk of getting infected.
According to critical scientific analysis, coronaviruses do not survive long on objects, such as letters or packages.
COVID-19 seems to behave like other coronaviruses. According to a recent study, COVID-19 may persist on surfaces for a few hours or up to several days. The study found that the virus can live for up to 72 hours on plastics, 48 hours on stainless steel, 24 hours on cardboard, and 4 hours on copper. In addtion, it is also detectable in the air for 3 hours.
The common symptoms of coronavirus include:
However, having these symptoms do not necessarily mean you have the illness.
If you are self-isolating, you must do the following:
Self-isolation helps to stop the spread of coronavirus infection. Do not leave your home if you have symptoms of coronavirus (COVID-19) or if you live with someone who does.
There is currently no specific available treatment or vaccine for Covid-19. Antibiotics will not help, as they do not work against viruses.
If you think you have been in close contact with someone with confirmed Covid-19, use the NHS 111 online coronavirus service to find out what to do. You can also call NHS 111 if you cannot get help online.
Face masks play a critical role in places like hospitals, but there is very little evidence of widespread benefit for members of the public.
You do not necessarily need to stay away from work or school if someone you live with has recently come from a country or area with a high coronavirus risk.
Use the NHS 111 online coronavirus service to find out what to do.
Wash your hands more often than usual, for 20 seconds and whenever you:
It is important to use soap and water or a hand sanitiser.
Face masks play a critical role in places like hospitals, but there is very little evidence of widespread benefit for members of the public.
Most people can continue to go to work, school and other public places. You only need to stay away from public places (self-isolate) if advised to by the NHS 111 online coronavirus service or a medical professional.
To protect yourself from contracting the coronavirus infection, you must do the following:
Initial study found that the mortality rate for Covdi-19 is at 2%. However, on March 3rd, WHO Director-General Dr Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus stated that 3.4% of those who are infected with the disease have died from across the globe.
This data may change from time to time. It is too early to determine what the overall mortality rate is.
Based on available preliminary data, the average time from onset to clinical recovery for mild cases is approximately 2 weeks. For patients with severe cases, the recovery period may last up to 3-6 weeks.
Mass gatherings are events which bring together a large number of people with the potential to strain the planning and response resources of the health system in the community where it takes place.
Here are the things to remember when using a medical mask:
Viral load refers to the total amount of a virus a person has inside of them. It is also the amount of measurable virus in a standard volume of material, such as blood or plasma.
Influenza and the virus that causes COVID-19 are two very different viruses and the seasonal influenza vaccine will not protect against COVID-19.
On the one hand, epidemic is the rapid spread of disease to a large number of people in a given population within a short period of time. On the other hand, a pandemic is an epidemic of disease that has spread across a large region or worldwide.
On the one hand, isolation separates sick people with a contagious disease from people who are not sick. On the other hand, quarantine refers to the restriction or separation of movement of people who were exposed to a contagious disease to see if they become sick.
Unfortunately, it is not possible to predict how long the outbreak will last and how the pandemic will unfold. The world is dealing with a new virus, therefore, a lot of uncertainty remains.
An airborne disease refers to any disease that is caused by pathogens, which can be transmitted through the air over time and distance by small particles.
You can leave home for medical appointments, yet GP practices may postpone non-urgent health checks or routine appointments.
Therefore, you should only go to the doctor if there is an essential medical need.
Yes, provided that you do it alone or with other members of the household.
Although people must stay at home to reduce the risk of infection, you are allowed to go out once a day for a walk, run, or cycle. However, it is essential to stay at least 2 metres away from anyone else that is not from your household.
If it is not possible to work from home, you may travel for work purposes. Where possible, employers must ensure providing suitable IT and equipment to enable remote working.
Here are the things to remember when using a medical mask:
No. Staying at home is vital in cutting a link in the chain of transmission.
Although you should not be meeting your friends unless you live in the same household, you could still talk to them through phone and/or video calls.
You should not visit family members who do not live in your home, especially those who are at risk, such as the elderly. If you have vulnerable relatives, you may help them in buying their daily needs or assist them in ordering their essentials online. However, you must not enter their home. Instead, you may leave the shopping bags and medication at the door.
You are allowed to help a vulnerable person if:
If the answer is yes to those mentioned above, you may volunteer to care for vulnerable persons. However, it is crucial to be mindful of the guidelines set out by the UK government to ensure your safety.
If possible, homebuyers and renters should delay moving to a new house while measures to fight coronavirus are in place.
If moving is inevitable for contractual reasons and both parties are unable to reach an agreement to delay, it is vital to practise social distancing.
If you leave your home or gather in public for any reason other than those specified, the police may:
Those who will not pay their fine could be taken to court, with magistrates who may impose unlimited fines.
Thermal scanners are useful in detecting people who have developed a fever, such as those who have a higher than normal body temperature.
However, they cannot detect people who are infected but do not have a fever yet as it takes between 2 and 10 days before they become sick.
Spraying alcohol or chlorine all over your body will not kill viruses that have already entered your body. Instead, they can be harmful to your clothes and mucous membranes.
Alcohol and chlorine can be useful to disinfect surfaces. However, it is vital to use them under appropriate recommendations.
Vaccines against pneumonia, such as pneumococcal vaccine and Haemophilus influenzae type B (Hib) vaccine, do not protect against the new coronavirus.
Although these vaccines are not effective against Covid-19, vaccinations against respiratory illnesses are highly recommended to protect your health.
There is limited evidence that rinsing the nose regularly with saline can help people recover more quickly from the common cold. However, there is no evidence showing that doing so can protect people from Covid-19.
Garlic is a healthy food that may have some antimicrobial properties. However, there is no scientific research that proves eating garlic has protected people from the new coronavirus.
"Incubation period" refers to the time between catching the virus and beginning to have symptoms of the disease.
The incubation period for Covid-19 is somewhere between 2 to 14 days after exposure. However, this estimate may change as we learn more about the virus.
Generally, Covid-19 infection is mild, especially for children and young adults. However, it can cause severe illness and may be fatal for those who are older, as well as those who have underlying conditions. Thus, it is quite reasonable for people to worry.
To protect ourselves, our loved ones and our communities, it is essential to practise regular handwashing and good respiratory hygiene. Also, it is beneficial to follow the advice of local health authorities, particularly towards any restrictions put in place on travel, movement and gatherings to reduce the risk of infection effectively.
There is no information from published scientific reports about the susceptibility of pregnant women to COVID-19. However, pregnant women experience immunologic and physiologic changes which may make them more susceptible to viral respiratory infections, including Covid-19.
Coronavirus infection spreads mainly by close contact with an infected person through respiratory droplets. Also, it is still unknown whether a pregnant woman with Covid-19 can transmit the virus to her baby through other routes of vertical transmission before, during or after delivery.
For the other coronaviruses, infected people are unlikely to be reinfected after they recover. However, it is still unknown whether similar immune protection will be observed with those who have recovered from Covid-19.
You can, but Public Health England advises against it because there is not yet enough information about its efficiency.
There is no evidence that current medicine can prevent or cure COVID-19. However, some western, traditional and home remedies may help alleviate its symptoms.
If hand sanitisers are not available, handwashing with soap and water is an even better alternative. For an alcohol-based hand rub to be useful, it must contain an alcohol content of 60% to 95%. Liquor is ineffective against coronavirus.
Lactating mothers can breastfeed if they wish to do so. According to scientific research, the virus has not been found in samples of amniotic fluid or breastmilk.
Furthermore, lactating mothers should follow the guidelines below to ensure the health and wellbeing of their baby:
Smokers are more vulnerable to COVID-19 as the act of smoking means that fingers and cigarettes are in close contact with the lips. Thus, increasing the possibility of transmission from hand to mouth. Also, they may already have lung disease or reduced lung capacity, which would significantly increase the risk of serious illness.
The question remains open. The World Health Organisation director-general, Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus, revealed that several trials are looking at the potential use of two HIV drugs as well as another antiviral called Remdesivir that was developed to tackle haemorrhagic fevers including Ebola.
The results may be expected in three to four months. Meanwhile, Columbia University researchers have received a $2m (£1.5m) grant to work on possible antivirals drugs and antibodies to tackle coronavirus.
In addition to practising social distance, you can also follow the measures below to help ensure safety:
The WHO actively follows the ongoing clinical trials to obtain an effective response to COVID-19, which includes the scientific studies that are looking at the use of chloroquine and hydroxychloroquine. Currently, there is inadequate data to evaluate the efficacy of either of these medicines in treating Covid-19 patients and in preventing people from contracting the coronavirus.
Several countries are evaluating the use of LPV/r and other antivirals, and the WHO welcomes the results of these investigations. Currently, there is inadequate data to assess the effectiveness of LPV/r or other antivirals in treating Covid-19 patients.
The current interim guidance from WHO on the clinical administration of severe acute respiratory infection when COVID-19 infection is presumed advises against the use of corticosteroids unless indicated for different reasons.
This guidance is based on systematic analyses that indicate inadequacy and possible harm from routine treatment with corticosteroids for viral pneumonia and acute respiratory distress syndrome.
The COVID-19 Solidarity Response Fund is a global fund for sustaining the work of the World Health Organisation (WHO) in containing the current coronavirus pandemic.
It was launched by the Director-General of the WHO, Dr Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus, on March 13, 2020.
No, there is no need for people suffering from pollen allergy to self-isolate if they develop their typical hay-fever symptoms. Furthermore, they should continue following the general guidance for social distancing and seek medical advice only if the symptoms get worse and they develop fever or breathing difficulties.
At present, no evidence suggests that taking a massive dosage of vitamin C supplements could help prevent or cure the new disease, COVID-19. In fact, medical health experts say there is limited evidence that vitamin C can even prevent the common cold.
According to health experts, it is not true to say drinking milk will help fight off the coronavirus.
The outbreak of this new virus began in Wuhan, China, in December 2019.
As of April 2, the top 10 countries who are most affected by COVID-19 are:
However, the results are continually changing, depending on reports from the affected countries and regions.
No. Antibiotics can only kill bacteria. They are not capable of destroying viruses.
No. Drinking water every 15 minutes to keep your mouth moist or to flush away the virus that has entered your body does not kill the virus that causes COVID-19.
Since the virus is new, it is still too early to rule out and put clarity on how long the level of the immunity can be held, nor how long it could last.
At this rate, the UK government is working with different companies to create the most effective and simple blood tests to help determine whether a person has developed antibodies to COVID-19.
The presence of COVID-19 antibodies would mean that a person has acquired a level of immunity to the disease.
UK Health Secretary Mr Hancock earlier said that the antibody tests could be done by taking a blood sample through pricking one's finger which could deliver results in approximately 20 minutes.
Social distancing is a public health practice that puts space between people to prevent them from coming in close contact with those who are infected with the disease. This practice aims to slow the spread of transmission or reduce opportunities of transmission in a community.
Social distancing includes maintaining a barrier of physical distance which include:
Herd immunity or 'community immunity' refers to the resistance to the spread of a contagious disease when a large group of individuals in a given population has become immune, especially through vaccination.
Yes. Social distancing appears to delay the spread of transmission in an effort to contain the outbreak. Studies suggest that this public health measure works, including those from the 1918 Spanish influenza pandemic. By closing schools and banning public gatherings, we can help lower COVID-19 death rates.
Testing is beneficial in informing infected persons that they are infected. It is one way of knowing how to provide high-quality and person-centred care. Moreover, testing is critical in analysing the most appropriate response to the coronavirus pandemic. It helps us to understand how the disease spreads and take evidence-based strategies that will break the chain of transmission.
An early study suggests that there may be a chance that some blood types are at a higher risk of getting infected. Researchers of the said study assessed 2,173 confirmed cases in Shenzhen and Wuhan, where the outbreak originated.
They found that patients with A blood group types were more likely to have been hospitalised than average, while those with an O blood group type were less likely.
In the local population, 32% had a type A blood group, compared with 38% of those in hospital. Meanwhile, 34% of residents had type 0 blood, compared with 26% in the hospital.
At present, the World Health Organisation (WHO) firmly states that the virus can be transmitted in all areas, including areas with hot and humid weather.
No evidence suggests that COVID-19 is a man-made virus nor proof that this is used as biological warfare. Coronaviruses originate in animals and cause illness in animals. However, sometimes they can spread from animals to humans.
The virus is completely new. Thus, health experts still need further research to better understand how it will react to warmer weather by examining its behaviour and properties. However, just like any viruses, it is clear that warmer weather does not stop the transmission or growth of the virus. For COVID-19, we cannot expect it to completely disappear by the summer.
The most common COVID-19 tests involve taking a swab from a person's nose and throat to check for the genetic footprint of the virus. They are called "PCR tests". The first PCR tests were developed very rapidly, within two weeks after the identification of COVID-19. PCR tests are now part of the World Health Organisation's recommended protocol for dealing with the disease.
Coronaviruses are viruses that circulate among animals whereby some of them are also capable of infecting humans.
Bats are recognised as natural hosts of these viruses, and several other species of animals are also known to act as sources. For example, Middle East Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus (MERS-CoV) is transmitted to humans from camels, and Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus-1 (SARS-CoV-1) is transmitted to humans from civet cats.
People can fight stigma by helping and not hurting those that are affected by COVID-19. One way of helping others is by providing social support. Counter stigma by learning and sharing evidence-based facts.
Generally, well-controlled means that your condition is stable, not life-threatening, and laboratory assessments and other findings are as similar as possible to those without the health condition. Therefore, it is essential to talk with your GP if you have questions regarding your general health and wellbeing, as well as how to manage any health conditions while staying at home.
No, the symptoms of COVID-19 in children and adults are similar. However, children with COVID-19 have generally presented mild cold-like symptoms, such as fever, runny nose, and cough. Vomiting and diarrhoea have also been reported. Furthermore, it is still unknown whether some children may be at higher risk for severe illness, especially those with underlying medical conditions and special healthcare needs. Hence, there is much more to be learned about how COVID-19 impacts children.
If the child is healthy, there is no need for them to wear a mask. Only people who have symptoms of illness or who are providing care to those who are ill should wear masks.
Generally, most people with disabilities are not at higher risk of becoming infected with or having severe illness from the new coronavirus. However, some people with physical limitations or other disabilities might be at a higher risk of infection because of their underlying medical condition and/or other chronic health conditions.
Currently, routine testing of animals for COVID-19 is not recommended.
Community spread means people in a specific area have been infected, including some who are not sure of how or where they got the virus.
Coronaviruses generally survive for shorter periods at higher temperatures and higher humidity than in cooler or dryer environments. Currently, we have no direct data for the new coronavirus, nor do we have direct data for a temperature-based cutoff for inactivation. The necessary temperature would also be based upon particular materials of the surface as well as the environment.
There is no enough evidence to suggest that people who had contracted the virus and had recovered completely induce immunity, or whether any immunity would give long-lasting protection against the disease.
On successful completion of each of the mandatory online training for agency nurses courses, you will be able to download, save, and print a quality assured continuing professional development (CPD) certificate. Our CPD certificates are recognised internationally and can be used to provide evidence for compliance and audit.
The CPD Certification Service (CPDUK)accredits all of our statutory and mandatory training courses as conforming to universally accepted Continuous Professional Development (CPD) guidelines.