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The Government says it is working to prevent mistakes in handing out drugs by "moving from a blame culture to a learning culture" - Sky News
There are more than 230 million errors in administering medication in the NHS each year, new figures show.
The research, commissioned by the Department of Health and Social Care, shows medication errors may be responsible for about 1,700 deaths annually.
It also warns that mistakes may contribute to 22,000 deaths a year - with the problem costing the NHS an estimated £1.6bn.
Despite the high numbers, those behind the study say the vast majority of errors do not affect the patient and are spotted beforehand.
Study author Rachel Elliott, a professor of health economics at the University of Manchester, said:
"In a perfect system there would be no errors. But there are no systems, particularly those involving humans, where there are no errors.
"As far as we're concerned this information is actually very useful. I would say people shouldn't be worried, most prescribers, and pharmacists and nurses are aware of the risks associated with medicines and are very vigilant at all stages.
"Unfortunately, systems are not perfect and therefore errors do occur. Most of the errors we've picked up in this 237 million are not going to affect the patient - are not going to even reach the patient."
Health Secretary Jeremy Hunt will today announce plans to reduce patient harm and improve safety relating to medication errors.
In a speech at the Global Patient Safety summit in London, Mr Hunt will say:
"My mission has always been to make the NHS one of the safest healthcare systems - and although we do well in international comparisons, this new study shows medication error in the NHS and globally is a far bigger problem than generally recognised, causing appalling levels of harm and death that are totally preventable.
"We are taking a number of steps today, but part of the change needs also to be cultural: moving from a blame culture to a learning culture so doctors and nurses are supported to be open about mistakes rather than cover them up for fear of losing their job."
Ahead of the summit, Health Secretary Jeremy Hunt told Sky News: "Medication errors is not higher in the NHS than in it is in EU countries or the United States. Nonetheless we are the country that has looked at how high it is and we believe that in this country every day for to five people die because of a wrong prescription, wrong dispensing, wrong monitoring of drugs.
"This is not about blaming doctors and pharmacists and nurses who are working under a huge amount of pressure and stress, but it is about having checks in place and the right culture so that if a mistake is made people can be open about it and learn from it."
The Government's plans include accelerating the introduction of electronic-prescribing systems across the NHS - essentially robots replacing humans when selecting medication - to cut down on errors.
New systems will also be introduced linking prescribing data in primary care to hospital admissions to allow the NHS to see if a prescription was the likely cause of a patient being admitted to hospital.
There will also be new defences for pharmacists if they make accidental mistakes when administering medication, rather than being prosecuted, to ensure the NHS can learn from errors.
Andrew Iddles' mother Mabel was rushed to hospital in 2014 at the age of 102 after falling at home.
During her time in hospital she was mistakenly given medication meant for a patient in the bed next door - including an insulin injection.
Mr Iddles said, fortunately, the nurse responsible raised the issue quickly.
"It is not easy to detect and, if a patient is not diabetic, a hefty dose of insulin could lower the blood sugar to a fatal level... thus it was very important that the nurse had the courage to admit her mistake straight away so no harm came to my mother."
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