What is the difference between Andragogy and Pedagogy?

The constant development of the universal learning system leads to the evolution of many teaching and/or learning techniques. Two of those methods are called Andragogy and Pedagogy. Both methodologies have significant roles in the field of education that should be fully understood particularly by those who value learning.

The word Andragogy comes from two Greek words andr and agogos, which literally means leading man.  It was first heard of in 1833 by a German educator and editor, Alexander Kapp. It wasn’t until 1921 when Andragogy was used again in a report by Eugen Rosentock-Huessy which brought back the adult learning theory. When Dusan Savicevic went to Boston in 1966, he introduced Andragogy to Malcolm Knowles and explained to him exactly how it was used in the European context. Knowles is well-known for adopting the adult learning theory. Andragogy, because of Malcolm Knowles, became wildly popular in the United States of America.

Pedagogy, on the other hand, has been visible in the learning system since the mid to late 1950s and is still, up to this day, one of the most commonly followed and widely accepted educational structure all over the world. Pedagogy comes from two Greek words paidos and agogos which literally means leading children. It is known to have originated in Middle French.

Andragogy and Pedagogy, although similar in the sense that they help in the learning process of a person, have differences as well. Andragogy generally focuses on the procedures and techniques used in teaching adults while Pedagogy’s main focus is the methods and approaches that can be of much use in educating children. Andragogy is typically self-directed. It is basically a carefree educational structure made by adults, for adults. Pedagogy, though, needs an effective teacher because it mainly depends on the teacher’s competency and understanding of what curricula the school is following. At all times, the teachers that are using Pedagogy are expected to be fully equipped with information and facts since it is their obligation and responsibility to be able to transfer their acquired knowledge to their students.

Pedagogy, really, is a formal process that uses a grading system to check and verify a child’s progress. Additionally, in Andragogy, learning is rather relaxed and the importance of grades is close to non-existent. It is not obligatory to have the highest grade as long as you are learning on your own will and at your own pace. In adult education, almost everyone is rather accommodating. Someone will surely lend a hand whenever you need it to review your work.

Both learning methods (Andragogy and Pedagogy), follow the same fundamental core and that is to educate regardless of age. That is, for what it’s worth, the most important part.

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What is the difference between Andragogy and Pedagogy?

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