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What is the First Aid Treatment for Vomiting and Diarrhoea?
Contaminated food and drink can cause vomiting and diarrhoea. You can also get it from another person if they have a virus. These two conditions are often neglected and not given enough attention without knowing that they can lead to death if not treated properly.
This blog will discuss vomiting and diarrhoea, its first-aid treatment and how to stop spreading the disease.
Are vomiting and diarrhoea related?
Vomiting (throwing up) and diarrhoea (watery bowel movements) are common symptoms of gastroenteritis. Gastroenteritis is the inflammation and irritation of the stomach and intestines. They can be harmful because they can cause dehydration. Severe dehydration can cause death. The usual causes of dehydration are a lot of diarrhoea and vomiting.
Vomiting and diarrhoea can happen at the same time for several reasons. They are usually considered symptoms themselves. A stomach virus or bacterial gastrointestinal (GI) infection is the most likely cause in children.
What causes vomiting and diarrhoea?
Many things can cause vomiting and diarrhoea. Viruses, bacteria, parasites, medicines, and medical conditions can cause vomiting and diarrhoea. Foods that are hard to digest (such as too many sweets) and undercooked meat) can cause vomiting and diarrhoea. Contaminated food and drink can cause vomiting and diarrhoea. You can also get it from another person if they have a virus.
Since many things can cause it, avoiding foods that might be undercooked or raw can prevent vomiting and diarrhoea, but avoiding it may not always be possible.
What is the first aid treatment for vomiting and diarrhoea?
For a child who is vomiting and has diarrhoea, you should do the following:
- Give them boiled water that has been cooled - Drinking water helps replace fluids lost from vomiting and diarrhoea. If they continue to vomit and have diarrhoea for a long time, give them a rehydration product.
- Let them rest - Place a bowl or bucket near them if they need to vomit.
- If symptoms continue, seek medical advice.
- Reassure the casualty - Get them to sit down and ensure comfort. If the casualty is vomiting, give them a warm damp cloth to wipe their face and keep reassuring. When vomiting stops, give them sips of water or unsweetened fruit juice.
- When the casualty feels hungry again, advise them to eat easily digested foods, such as bread, pasta or potatoes, for the first 24 hours.
- If you are concerned about a casualty's condition, mainly if they are a child or an older person or if the vomiting and diarrhoea persists, seek medical advice.
Vomiting and diarrhoea can be dangerous as they can lead to dehydration. Anyone who has had several bouts of vomiting or diarrhoea will need to replace lost fluids and electrolytes.
When to see a doctor for vomiting and diarrhoea?
Adults should consult a doctor if vomiting occurs for more than one day, if diarrhoea and vomiting last more than 24 hours, and if there are signs of moderate dehydration.
You should see a doctor immediately if the following signs or symptoms occur:
- Blood in the vomit ("coffee grounds" appearance)
- Severe headache or stiff neck
- Decreased alertness
- Severe abdominal pain
- Vomiting with a fever over 101 degrees Fahrenheit
- Vomiting and diarrhoea are both present
- Rapid breathing or pulse.
What can I do to stop the diarrhoea and vomiting from spreading to other people?
Diarrhoea and vomiting can easily spread, so it is important to stay off school or work until you've not been sick or had diarrhoea for at least two days. If you also have a high temperature or do not feel well enough to do your everyday activities, try staying home and avoiding contact with other people until you feel better.
You should also:
- Wash your hands with soap and water frequently.
- Wash any clothing or bedding with poo or vomit separately on a hot wash.
- Clean toilet seats, flush handles, taps, surfaces, and door handles daily.
If you're still recovering:
- Do not prepare food for other people, if possible.
- Do not share towels, flannels, cutlery or utensils.
- Do not use a swimming pool until two weeks after the symptoms stop.
Where can I find online first aid treatment for vomiting and diarrhoea training courses ?
The Mandatory Training Group is the leading UK provider of accredited online first aid treatment for vomiting and diarrhoea training courses for all sectors, including health and social care, education, local government, private companies, charitable and third sector organisations.Alternatively, you can contact our helpful Support Team byclicking hereto tell us your more about first aid treatment for vomiting and diarrhoea.
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Frequently asked questions and answers about first aid treatment for vomiting and diarrhoea
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