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What is the First Aid Treatment for Shock?
How do we know if a person is in shock? Is it a life-threatening condition? How do we treat a person in shock?
This blog will discuss what shock is, its signs, and how to help a person in shock preventing loss of life.
What is shock?
The medical term shock is ‘a lack of oxygen to the body's tissues, usually caused by a fall in blood pressure or blood volume’.
Shock is a serious and critical condition that can quickly result in death if not treated.
What are the causes of a life-threatening shock?
The more common causes of ‘life-threatening’ shock are:
- Hypovolaemic Shock - Hypo means low, vol means volume, aemic means blood. This shock is caused by the loss of body fluids, resulting in a low blood volume.
- Cardiogenic Shock - This is to fall in the blood pressure caused by the heart not pumping effectively. This is the most common type of shock.
- Anaphylactic Shock - Anaphylaxis is an extremely dangerous allergic reaction caused by a massive overreaction of the body’s immune system.
What are the signs of shock?
Common signs and symptoms of shock include:
- Low blood pressure
- Altered mental state, including reduced alertness and awareness, confusion, and sleepiness
- Cold, moist skin. Hands and feet may be blue or pale
- Weak or rapid pulse
- Rapid breathing and hyperventilation
- Decreased urine output.
What is the first aid treatment for shock?
- Call 911.
- Lay the person down, if possible.
- Elevate the person's feet about 12 inches unless the head, neck, or back is injured or you suspect broken hip or leg bones.
- Do not raise the person's head.
- Turn the person on the side if they are vomiting or bleeding from the mouth.
- Begin CPR, if necessary.
- If the person is not breathing or breathing seems dangerously weak.
- For a child, start CPR for children.
- For an adult, start adult CPR.
- Continue CPR until help arrives or the person wakes up.
- Treat obvious injuries.
- Keep the person warm and comfortable.
- Loosen restrictive clothing.
- Cover with a coat or blanket.
- Keep the person still. Do not move the person unless there is danger.
- Reassure the person.
- Do not give anything to eat or drink.
- Follow up.
- At the hospital, the person will be given oxygen and intravenous fluids.
- Blood tests, urine tests, heart tests, x-rays and/or CT scans may be done.
- Other treatments will depend on the cause of shock.
How can you prevent shock from happening?
Elevate their feet to 12 inches above the ground. This position, known as the shock position, helps direct blood to its vital organs.
Cover them with a blanket or extra clothing to keep them warm. Check their breathing and heart rate regularly for changes.
Where can I find first aid treatment for shock training courses qualification?
The Mandatory Training Group is the leading UK provider of accredited statutory and mandatory training courses for all sectors, including health and social care, education, local government, private companies, charitable and third sector organisations.Alternatively, you can contact our helpful Support Team byclicking hereto tell us your online first aid treatment for shock training courses and qualification.
Online first aid treatment for shock training courses and qualification
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Frequently asked questions and answers about the first aid treatment for shock
Here at The Mandatory Training Group, we receive many questions about the first aid treatment for shock. We have selected a few of these questions and answered them below.
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