What is the First Aid Treatment for Severe Bleeding?

Severe bleeding demands special attention. Scrapes, cuts, amputations and puncture wounds can all result in uncontrolled bleeding, quickly developing into a life-threatening situation. So, how can we prevent losing too much blood?

This blog will discuss severe bleeding, its first-aid treatment and how to prevent it.

What is severe bleeding?

Bleeding is the loss of blood from the circulatory system. Causes range from minor cuts and abrasions to deep cuts and amputations. Injuries can result in internal bleeding, ranging from minor to massive bleeds. First aid for severe external bleeding is critical to limit blood loss.

Your priority is to stop the bleeding.

What is minor bleeding?

Minor cuts and abrasions that are not excessively bleeding can be managed at home. First aid suggestions include:

  • Clean the injured area with sterile gauze soaked in normal saline or clean water.
  • Apply an appropriate dressing such as a band-aid or a non-adhesive dressing held in place with hypoallergenic tape.
  • See your doctor if you can’t remove the dirt yourself.
  • See your doctor if you have not had a booster vaccine against tetanus in the last five years.

What is internal bleeding?

The most common type of visible internal bleed is a bruise when blood from damaged blood vessels leaks into the surrounding skin. Internal injury can cause visible bleeding from an orifice (body opening).

For example:

  • Bowel injury – Bleeding from the anus
  • Head injury – Bleeding from the ears or nose
  • Lung injury – Coughing up frothy, bloodied sputum (spit)
  • Urinary tract injury – Blood in the urine.

It is important to remember that an injured person may be internally bleeding if you can’t see any blood. An internal injury can sometimes cause bleeding that remains contained within the body. Listen carefully to what the person tells you about their injury-where they felt the impact.

For example:

  • They may display the signs and symptoms of shock.
  • In the case of a head injury, they may indicate the signs and symptoms of concussion.

Therefore, it is vital to ask the right questions to collect the relevant information.

What is the first aid treatment for severe external bleeding?

Even a minor injury can result in severe external bleeding, depending on where it is on the body, leading to shock. In medical terms, shock means the injured person no longer has enough blood circulating in their body.

First aid management for severe external bleeding includes:

  • Check for danger before approaching the injured person.
  • If possible, send someone else to call 911 for an ambulance.
  • Lie the person down. If a limb is injured, raise the injured area above the level of the person’s heart.
  • Get the person to apply direct pressure to the wound with their hand or hands to stem the blood flow.
  • You may need to pull the wound's edges together before applying a dressing or pad.
  • If an object is embedded in the wound, do not remove it and apply pressure around the embedded object.
  • Do not apply a tourniquet.
  • If blood saturates the initial dressing, do not remove it. Add new padding over the top and secure it with a bandage.

How to prevent the spread of disease through bleeding?

Some diseases can be spread through open wounds.

Always remember to:

  • Wash your hands with soap and water before and after administering first aid. Dry your hands thoroughly before putting on gloves.
  • First aid kits contain gloves. Always put on gloves beforehand if available. If not, improvise.
  • Do not cough or sneeze over the wound.

Where can I find online training courses about first aid treatment for severe bleeding?

The Mandatory Training Group is the leading UK provider of accredited online first aid treatment for severe bleeding training courses for all sectors, including health and social care, education, local government, private companies, charitable and third sector organisations.

Alternatively, you can contact our helpful Support Team byclicking hereto tell us more about first aid treatment for severe bleeding training courses.

Online training courses for first aid treatment for severe bleeding

What our clients say...

Frequently asked questions and answers about first aid treatment for severe bleeding

Here at The Mandatory Training Group, we receive many questions about first aid treatment for severe bleeding. We have selected a few of these questions and answered them below.

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What is the First Aid Treatment for Severe Bleeding? - The Mandatory Training Group UK -

What is the First Aid Treatment for Severe Bleeding? - The Mandatory Training Group UK.

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