What is cardiopulmonary resuscitation?

What do you do if someone collapses and is unconscious? What is your immediate action if it’s a member of the family? Do you panic because you don’t know what to do?

In this blog, we will give you information on what to do in an emergency to increase one's chance of survival.

What is cardiopulmonary resuscitation?

Cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) is an emergency lifesaving procedure performed when the heart stops beating (cardiac arrest). Immediate CPR can double or triple the chances of survival after cardiac arrest. 

    What is the primary goal of CPR?

    The main purpose of CPR is to restore the partial flow of oxygenated blood to the brain and heart. The objective is to delay tissue death and extend the brief window of opportunity for a successful resuscitation without permanent brain damage.

    What does CPR include?

    Cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) comprises cycles of chest compressions and rescue breaths in a ratio of 30 chest compressions to 2 rescue breaths (30:2). One ‘cycle’ of CPR is one round of 30:2.

    How do you perform chest compressions?

    Kneel at the side of the casualty to administer chest compressions. You should:

    • Place the heel of one hand in the centre of the chest, place your other hand on top and interlock your fingers.
    • Keep your arms straight and position yourself vertically above the casualty's chest.
    • Press down the breastbone to a depth of 5-6 cm, then release all the pressure without losing contact between your hands and the chest (chest compression).
    • Avoid applying pressure over the ribs, the bottom end of the breastbone or the upper abdomen.
    • Do 30 chest compressions at a rate of 100-120 per minute.

    How do you perform rescue breaths?

    After 30 compressions, open the airway again and give 2 rescue breaths:

    • Pinch the soft part of the nose closed. Allow the mouth to open, but maintain chin lift.
    • Take a normal breath and seal your lips around the casualty's mouth.
    • Blow steadily into the mouth while watching for the chest to rise, taking about one second, as in normal breathing (rescue breath).
    • Keeping the airway open, remove your mouth from the casualty and watch for the chest to fall as air comes out.
    • Take another normal breath and blow In the casualty's mouth once more to achieve a total of 2 rescue breaths. Do not interrupt compressions by more than 10 seconds to give 2 breaths.
    • Return your hands without delay to the centre of the chest and give another 30 chest compressions.
    • Continue with chest compressions and rescue breaths at a ratio of 30:2.

    Where can I find cardiopulmonary resuscitation training courses and qualifications?

    The Mandatory Training Group is the leading UK provider of accredited statutory and mandatory training courses for all sectors, including health and social care, education, local government, private companies, charitable and third sector organisations.

    Alternatively, you can contact our helpful Support Team byclicking hereto tell us your cardiopulmonary resuscitation training courses and qualifications.

    Training courses and qualifications for cardiopulmonary resuscitation

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    Frequently asked questions about cardiopulmonary resuscitation?

    Here at The Mandatory Training Group, we receive many questions about the qualifications for cardiopulmonary resuscitation. We have selected a few of these questions and answered them below.

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    cardiopulmonary resuscitation - Online CPD courses - The Mandatory Training Group -

    What is cardiopulmonary resuscitation? - The Mandatory Training Group UK.

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