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How do you treat anaphylaxis?
How do you treat someone in anaphylactic shock? Do you know what to do if someone has a severe allergic reaction? Knowing how to identify and treat anaphylaxis is critical and can save someone’s life.
This article will give you information about anaphylaxis and what to do when a victim has an anaphylactic shock.
What is anaphylaxis?
Anaphylaxis is a severe and potentially life-threatening reaction to a trigger, such as an allergy. It can also be an acute allergic reaction to an antigen the body has become hypersensitive to.
What are the signs and symptoms of anaphylaxis?
The signs and symptoms of mild to moderate allergic reaction include:
- Feeling faint
- Fast heartbeat
- Rash, redness and itchy skin
- Swelling of the lips, eyes and face
- Stomach pain, nausea or vomiting
- Feeling anxious.
The indicative signs and symptoms of a severe allergic reaction include:
- Airway - Swollen tongue, difficulty in swallowing, throat tightness, change in voice
- Breathing - Difficulty in breathing, chest tightness, persistent cough, wheezing
- Circulation - Confusion, Blue skin or lips, collapsing and losing consciousness.
What are the common allergic triggers?
Some of the common allergic triggers are:
- Food - Cow’s milk, egg, fish, peanut, sesame and tree nuts
- Medications - Antibiotics such as penicillin, pain killers such as aspirin or other drugs used for sedation and anaesthesia
- Venom - From stinging insects, including bees and wasps
- Latex - Rubber gloves, balloons and condoms.
What do you do when someone has anaphylaxis?
Anaphylaxis is a medical emergency. It can be very serious if not treated quickly.
If someone has symptoms of anaphylaxis, do the following immediately:
- Use an adrenaline auto-injector if the person has one. Ensure you know how to use it correctly.
- Call 999 for an ambulance immediately (even if they start to feel better). Mention that you think the person has anaphylaxis.
- Remove any trigger if possible. For example, carefully remove any stinger stuck in the skin.
- Lie the person down and raise their legs unless they have breathing difficulties and need to sit up to help them breathe. If they are pregnant, lie them down on their left side.
- Give another injection after 5 minutes if the symptoms do not improve and a second auto-injector is available.
If you are having an anaphylactic reaction, you can follow these steps yourself if you feel able to.
How quickly does anaphylactic shock happen?
Anaphylaxis can occur within minutes.
It mostly occurs within 20 minutes to 2 hours after exposure to the allergen.
Signs and symptoms may be mild at first but can rapidly worsen.
Where can I find anaphylaxis training courses and qualifications?
The Mandatory Training Group is the leading UK provider of accredited statutory and mandatory training courses for all sectors, including health and social care, education, local government, private companies, charitable and third sector organisations.Alternatively, you can contact our helpful Support Team byclicking hereto tell us your statutory and mandatory training requirements for anaphylaxis.
Online training courses and qualifications for anaphylaxis
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Frequently asked questions about anaphylaxis?
Here at The Mandatory Training Group, we receive many questions about the statutory and mandatory training courses for anaphylaxis. We have selected a few of these questions and answered them below.
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