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How Do You Do Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation (CPR) on a Baby?
Medical emergencies requiring CPR can happen at any time and place. Everyone needs to know basic CPR as this may save someone’s life. So how can we administer CPR to a baby?
This blog will explain CPR, why and how it is administered, and who can give it. Furthermore, you will learn how to administer CPR to a baby.
What is CPR?
CPR is short for cardiopulmonary resuscitation. It is a life-saving medical procedure for someone with a cardiac arrest. A cardiac arrest is when a person’s heart suddenly stops pumping blood around the body. And this then starves the brain of oxygen, causing the person to fall unconscious and stop breathing.
How to administer CPR for infants?
Many babies do not receive resuscitation because potential rescuers fear causing them harm. It is far better to perform ‘adult style’ resuscitation on a baby (who is unresponsive and not breathing) than to do nothing.
First aiders can use the adult sequence or resuscitation on a child or baby who is unresponsive and not breathing. The following minor modifications to the adult sequence will, however, make it even more suitable for children:
- Give 5 initial rescue breaths before starting the chest compression (then continue CPR at 30:2).
- If you are on your own, give CPR for 1 minute before going for help.
- Compress the chest by at least one-third of its depth (4cm for a baby and 5cm for a child).
- For a baby, use 2 fingers.
- For a child, use 1 or 2 hands as required.
What to do during resuscitation?
Proper hygiene should be necessary when resuscitating infants, babies, children and adults.
These are the things you must do in resuscitation:
- Wipe the lips clean.
- If possible, use a protective barrier such as a ‘face shield' or 'pocket mask' (particularly important if the casualty suffers from any severe infectious disease like TB or Hepatitis).
- If you are still concerned about the safety of rescue breaths, giving chest compressions only is better than no CPR at all.
- Wear protective gloves if available, and wash your hands afterwards.
How to do 'Hands only' resuscitation?
If you are trained and able, you should give rescue breaths during CPR (this is particularly important for children). If, however, you are not trained (or unable) to provide rescue breaths, giving chest compressions only is better than doing nothing at all because it calculates whatever oxygen is left in the blood:
- Give continuous compressions at a rate of 100-120 per minute.
- If there is more than one rescuer, change who does compressions every 2 minutes to prevent fatigue.
What to do when the casualty starts to vomit during resuscitation?
Stomach contents are often regurgitated during CPR. And this is a positive action, so you are unlikely to see or hear it happening. If this happens:
- Roll the casualty onto their side, tip the head back and allow the vomit to run out.
- Clean the casualty's face, and continue CPR, using a protective barrier if possible.
- Minimise the interruption to CPR.
- Infection, Prevention and Control
Where can I find online training courses and qualifications for CPR on a baby?
The Mandatory Training Group is the leading UK provider of accredited statutory and mandatory training courses for all sectors, including health and social care, education, local government, private companies, charitable and third sector organisations.Alternatively, you can contact our helpful Support Team byclicking hereto tell us your training courses and qualifications for CPR on a baby.
Online training courses and qualifications for CPR on a baby
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Frequently asked questions and answers about how to do CPR on a baby
Here at The Mandatory Training Group, we receive many questions about how to do CPR on a baby. We have selected a few of these questions and answered them below.
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