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What is Scene Survey in First Aid?
In a first aid response situation, it is vital to ensure the safety of not just the casualty but the safety of the first aider and the people around, if any. First aiders need to conduct a quick and thorough scene survey in first aid.
In this blog, we will discuss scene survey in first aid, how it is carried out, and why is it important
What is a scene survey in first aid?
In a first aid response scenario, if you are the first or one of the first people to arrive on the scene, it is important to assess what is happening around you and ensure your safety because you cannot perform your role if you become injured yourself.
A scene survey identifies the severity of injuries and attempts to determine the causes through verbal communication if the patient is conscious.
Why is a scene survey in first aid important
To check the victim, you must first survey the scene to ensure safety. You must notice the victim's position and any automatic red flags as you approach them. If you get hurt trying to help, you may only serve to make matters worse.
A scene survey is important to ensure your safety because you cannot perform your role if you become injured.
When arriving at the scene of an accident, it is important to ensure the safety of the casualty, bystanders and the first aiders themselves.
How to conduct a scene survey in first aid?
The scene survey can be conducted by remembering the acronym CLAP.
- Control the situation - Stop at the scene, don't panic and take a deep breath. Ensure safety and prioritise the risk of vehicular traffic.
- Look for potential hazards - Scan the area for anything that could cause harm to you, the casualty or bystanders to prevent further injuries.
- Assess the situation - Gather information from the casualty and/or bystanders at the scene to identify what is happening.
- Protect and prioritise - Protect yourself and the casualty from cross-infection by wearing gloves and using sterile equipment from a first aid kit. Ensure casualties are prioritised using the principles of breathing, bleeding, fractures and other injuries.
What are the key points of a scene survey?
These are the key points in conducting a scene survey in first aid:
- Identify and reduce any potential environmental risks or hazards.
- Identify the mechanism of injury/chief complaint.
- Identify the number of patients.
- Identify and request other needed resources and introduce yourself.
- Determine responsiveness and level of consciousness using the AVPU:
You must also ask yourself these four key questions:
- Is the scene safe?
- What happened?
- How many casualties are there?
- Can bystanders help?
What are the steps to scene safety and assessment?
- Be prepared - Half of the scene safety occurs before you go on shift. Being composed in responding to emergencies is always a priority. You also need to be physically ready to run a call.
- Look, listen and feel are not just for breathing - the most important thing we can do to keep safe is to pay attention to our gut. What do you see and hear? How are the cars parked in front of that residence? Are they askew, like someone got there in a hurry? Are there broken windows, as if from a fight? Is there yelling, or is it silent? Are the hairs on the back of your neck standing up? If so, there's probably a reason for it.
- Set yourself up for success - As you enter, quickly scan other exits. Don't let anyone block your exit. Do a mental tally of how many people are there. This helps you decide if you can handle a situation with personnel.
- Be present - You must be fully present to tune in to subtle things you may miss if you're preoccupied. People send thousands of messages via their body language.
- Assess your patient threat potential - Certain types of calls lend themselves to common, predictable problems, so it is better to expect the unexpected.
Where can I find online scene survey in first aid training courses and programmes?
The Mandatory Training Group is the leading UK provider of accredited online scene survey in first aid training courses for all sectors, including health and social care, education, local government, private companies, charitable and third sector organisations.Alternatively, you can contact our helpful Support Team byclicking hereto tell us your more about online scene survey in first aid training courses.
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