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What are the 3 Aims of Emergency First Aid at Work?
Some people know first aid, but not what they are meant to be achieving. In a first aid emergency, it’s easy to panic and lose track of what you need to achieve. Therefore, understanding why you are delivering first aid gives clarity in those moments of chaos.
To help you understand the purpose of first aid, you need to know the aims. In first aid, we break these down into three Ps.
So, what are the three Ps? In this blog, we will define the aims of emergency first aid at work and explain when to use them.
What is emergency first aid at work?
Emergency first aid at work is the immediate help given to a casualty in the workplace in the vital minutes before emergency services arrive.
What are the 3 Ps in emergency first aid at work?
If you happen to see someone collapse or get injured at work, what would you do? Who would you call for help?
Everyone in the workplace needs to know the aims of emergency first aid. It can go a long way in reducing the effects of illness and injury and save someone’s life.
In emergency first aid at work, we often talk about the 3 Ps. These include:
- Preserve life
- Prevent further injury
- Promote recovery.
Let’s define what each of these means.
Effective execution of cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) from an emergency first aider to an unconscious victim is vital in preserving one's life until emergency services arrive to ensure enough supply of oxygen is delivered to all vital organs of the body.
Prevent further injury
This may be achieved by stemming a bleed or immobilising a broken bone.
This may be achieved by putting the casualty into a position that will improve their breathing and/or assist the blood to circulate to the vital organs.
As an emergency first aider at work, how do you assess a casualty?
Before treating the casualty, it is vital to understand what injuries they might have so that you can prioritise treatment. To assess a casualty, we use something called the primary survey, which is also known as the DRSABC approach. DRSABC stands for:
- Danger - One has to make sure that the casualty and any bystanders, including the first aider, are safe.
- Response - Shake the shoulders and ask loudly (both ears) “Are you all right?”. If they respond, keep them still, find out what’s wrong and get help if needed.
- Shout - Shout for help and ask a bystander to call 999 and get an AED (if available).
- Airway - Check if the airway is clear/open. Identify and treat any life-threatening airway problems, such as airway swelling, narrowing or blockage. If unconscious, tilt the head back and open the airway.
- Breathing - Look, listen and feel for normal breathing for no more than 10 seconds. In the first few minutes after cardiac arrest, a casualty may be barely breathing or taking infrequent, slow and noisy gasps. DO NOT confuse this with normal breathing. If in any doubt, prepare to start CPR. A casualty can sometimes have a seizure-like episode when the heart stops. Thus, carefully consider if the casualty is breathing normally.
- Circulation - Identify and treat any life-threatening circulation problems, such as heart attack, heart failure, severe bleeding, poisoning, anaphylaxis and cardiac arrest. When life-threatening problems have been ruled out or treated, the primary survey is complete.
What are the responsibilities of an emergency first aider at work?
An emergency first aider at work carries a range of different and incredibly important responsibilities. If you are a trained emergency first aider and you think someone needs your help, there are numerous responsibilities that you should adhere to.
The responsibilities of an emergency first aider include:
1. Assessing the situation
- Work out what has happened
- Count the number of casualties
- Look for history, signs and symptoms.
2. Protecting from danger
- Assess for further dangers
- Protect yourself first, then protect others.
3. Seeking for help
- Ask bystanders for assistance
- Work out what help is needed
- Call for help (999/112)
- Know your own limitations.
4. Prioritising treatment
- Treat the most urgent person first
- Treat the most urgent thing first
- Offer support and comfort.
5. Minimising infection risks
- Wash hands before and after giving help/treatment
- Wear disposable, right size gloves
- Wear protective clothing where necessary
- Cover your own cuts with a plaster
- Use sterile and in-date dressings.
Why is immediate cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) important in providing emergency first aid at work?
Cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) is an emergency procedure that can help save a person’s life if their breathing or heart stops.
When a person’s heart stops beating, they are in cardiac arrest. During cardiac arrest, the heart cannot pump blood to the rest of the body, including the brain and lungs. Death can happen in minutes without treatment.
CPR uses chest compressions to mimic how the heart pumps. These chest compressions help keep blood flowing throughout the body, giving enough oxygen to all the vital organs.
Where can I find emergency first aid at work training courses and qualifications?
The Mandatory Training Group is the leading UK provider of accredited statutory and mandatory training courses for all sectors, including health and social care, education, local government, private companies, charitable and third sector organisations.Alternatively, you can contact our helpful Support Team byclicking hereto tell us about your emergency first aid at work training courses and qualifications.
Emergency first aid at work training courses and qualifications
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Frequently asked questions about the aims of emergency first aid at work
Here at The Mandatory Training Group, we receive many questions about the aims of emergency first aid at work. We have selected a few of these questions and answered them below.
Still have some questions which you would like us to help you with?