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COVID-19 is a new illness that can affect your lungs and airways. It is caused by a virus called coronavirus.
We must understand the facts about coronavirus infection. Recognise the scale and impact of the coronavirus outbreak in the UK and around the globe. Recognise the signs and symptoms of coronavirus infection. Explain the importance of checking and sharing factual information to the public. List ways that you can contribute to help minimise and prevent the spread of disease to the community.
The Mandatory Training Group aims to raise a better understanding of coronavirus infection to prevent the spread of false information, causing public concern, distress, and inconvenience.
A novel coronavirus (nCoV) is a new strain that has not been previously identified in humans. The virus causing coronavirus disease in 2019, or officially known as Covid-19, is different from the ones that commonly circulate, causing mild illness, such as common cold or flu among humans.
In fact, coronaviruses come from a large family of viruses that can cause respiratory diseases and gastrointestinal symptoms.
Covid-19 is affecting 196 countries and territories around the world. As of March 25, 2020, there are 375,498 confirmed Covid-19 cases, bringing the total number of confirmed deaths to 16,362.
Please note that the numbers are continually changing based on recent adjustments and reports from affected countries and regions. For up-to-date information, click read more.
Like many other coronaviruses, the principal route of transmission is through the respiratory tract. This is possible when an infected person coughs or sneezes and drops of fluids land into the mouth or nose of those who are nearby, inhaling the droplets into the lungs.
A person is at higher risk of contracting the virus when there is close contact with an infected person.
Also, someone may likely catch the disease by touching a surface or object that has the virus on it then touching the mouth, nose, or eyes.
Coronavirus is a respiratory disease which may present symptoms similar to that of the common colds and flu. However, the COVID-19 virus may affect people in different ways.
Common symptoms include fever, tiredness, and dry cough. Other symptoms include shortness of breath, sore throat, muscle pain, and sometimes, diarrhoea, nausea or a runny nose.
Self-isolation is a preventive measure that separates sick people with a contagious disease from people who are not sick to protect them from contracting the disease.
Self-isolation means taking simple steps to avoid close contact with other people at home as much as possible.
Quarantine refers to the restricted movement of people and goods to stop the spread of diseases.
This strategy helps to prevent the movement of those who may have contracted an infectious disease, but do not have a confirmed medical diagnosis.
In light of the coronavirus outbreak, the NHS is running a standard operating procedure for appropriate and effective measures to minimise further strain on A&E departments and to ensure the safety of all frontline medical staff in the UK.
If you feel like you have the Covid-19 symptoms, please stay at home. To protect others, do not go to a GP, pharmacy or hospital. Use the 111 online coronavirus service for more information on coronavirus guidance in the UK, or only call 111 if you cannot get help online.
To validate the accuracy and reliability of information, see below the references and online resources that were used in this page.
Asymptomatic - In medicine, a disease is considered asymptomatic if a patient is a carrier for a disease or infection but experiences no symptoms.
Coronavirus - Any of a group of RNA viruses that cause a variety of diseases in humans and other animals.
COVID-19 - Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) is defined as a disease caused by a novel coronavirus.
Epidemic - An outbreak of disease that affects a disproportionately large number of individuals at the same time, and may spread through one or several populations, community, or region.
Outbreak - In epidemiology, an outbreak is a sudden increase in occurrences of a disease in a particular time and place. It may affect a small and localised group or impact upon thousands of people across an entire continent.
Pandemic - A pandemic is a disease epidemic that has spread across a large region, for instance, multiple continents or worldwide.
Virus - A virus is a biological agent that reproduces inside the cells of living hosts. Viruses are capable of growth and multiplication only in living cells, causing various important diseases in humans, animals, and plants.
Below are some of the key abbreviations relating to coronavirus:
CFR - Case Fatality Rate
COVID-19 - Coronavirus Disease 2019
ICTV - International Committee on Taxonomy of Viruses
PHEIC - Public Health Emergency of International Concern
SARS-CoV - SARS-associated Coronavirus
WHO - World Health Organisation
COVID-19 is affecting 208 countries and territories around the world. As of April 5, 2020, there are 1,277,248 confirmed COVID-19 cases, bringing the total number of deaths to 69,570.
Please note that the numbers are continually changing based on recent adjustments and reports from affected countries and regions. For up-to-date information, click to read more.
Here is a timeline of some of the most significant events and moments of the pandemic.